Artificial Intelligence(AI)-Definition and Application of AI


Introduction to Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is the ability of machines to make decisions and behave like humans and animals and demonstrate human-like intelligence. It has the potential to bring about a new era of computing. It is the application of science to the computer and the human. Artificial Intelligence will enable machines to understand the human interaction in much the same way as humans do. It will enable machines to think, reason, and perform much of the traditionally human tasks such as decision making, problem-solving and speech recognition. It will also enable machines to create, develop and deploy programs as well as to store and retrieve data.

In other words, artificial intelligence is the study, design, and implementation of intelligent behavior in computers. In simple terms, Artificial Intelligence covers the study of intelligent behavior by computers. However, it does not include artificial intelligence systems that are autonomous, self-contained, or interactive. On the contrary, AI is only a theoretical concept indicating how to engineer intelligent machines. Although it seems that the research into artificial intelligence is still at an early stage, the potential applications for these technologies are enormous. It will not be surprising if many of today's most popular commercial products and services will have an element of machine learning within them.

Some of the most promising applications include self-driving cars, online shopping, telematics, industrial automation, and healthcare. It is estimated that by the year 2021, there will be a significant increase in the number of automated machine learning systems that will be available for use by businesses, consumers, and governments around the world.

Uses/ Applications of AI

The potential applications of Artificial Intelligence are abundant (plentiful). AI is used in the military sector for controlling weapons, research and target identification, and the entertainment industry for computer games. In hospitals, banks, and insurance, artificial intelligence is used to predict customer behavior and detect trends.

  1. We can get computers which can play master-level of chess and compete against peoples with the use of AI.
  2. Industrial robots can build different machines and even computers with the use of AI.
  3. We already have self-driving vehicles which use AI to detect vehicles and prevent a collision.
  4. Today's smartphones have voice assistance like Google assistance and Siri which use AI to interact with humans and talk with them.
  5. Mathematical robots are also available which use AI to manipulate and perform arithmetic operations. They can also prove mathematical theorems.
  6. In the medical sector, computers with AI can provide treatment and perform surgical operations and detect medicines.

The Ethical Aspect of AI

The Ethical Aspect of AI is primarily concerned with the researchers who are able to build machines with intellectual capabilities that could challenge mankind. It addresses a number of moral issues and legal issues because of unexpected consequences, dangers, and potential misuse of technology. It also considers the way in which AI may be used to benefits humanity. As we have human rights in the same way there also exist robot rights which are moral obligations of society towards its machines, similar to human rights or animal rights like the right to life, freedom, and equality.

Even without the control or instructions of programmers or developers, autonomous robots and computer programs can make their own decision and can behave on their own. As their machines become more autonomous, they begin to acquire the responsibility to behave ethically and their designers incur (acquire) a responsibility to create machines that will behave ethically.

Issac Asimov considered the issue in the 1950s in his book I, Robot. With the demand of his editor John W. Campbell Hr., he proposed the Three Laws of Robotics to govern artificially intelligent systems.

  1. A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allows a human being to come to harm.
  2. A robot must obey the orders given by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
  3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.


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